Paleontology dating techniques

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Fossils may also consist of the marks left behind by the organism while it was alive, such as animal tracks or feces (coprolites).These types of fossil are called trace fossils or ichnofossils, as opposed to body fossils.In many cases, however, compressions and impressions occur together.

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Paleontology is the study of fossils: their age, method of formation, and evolutionary significance.to dinosaurs and trees, many meters long and weighing many tons.A fossil normally preserves only a portion of the deceased organism, usually that portion that was partially mineralized during life, such as the bones and teeth of vertebrates, or the chitinous or calcareous exoskeletons of invertebrates.If this hole is later filled with other minerals, it is a cast.An endocast or internal mold is formed when sediments or minerals fill the internal cavity of an organism, such as the inside of a bivalve or snail or the hollow of a skull. If the chemistry is right, the organism (or fragment of organism) can act as a nucleus for the precipitation of minerals such as siderite, resulting in a nodule forming around it.

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